Altitude and risk

    Part II


        All dangers, that we shall cover here, are created as a consequence of a lack of readiness to follow and endure the changes created in one’s natural surroundings. The existence of danger represents a possibility for an individual or a group of people to get physically hurt in some way. To put it in simple words, danger represents a risk of getting hurt. All risks can be divided in two general groups. The first group is made of subjective risks, whereas the second group refers to the objective ones.


Subjective risks

     Risks created as a result of temperament, some individual physical features and skilfulness of an individual fall under this group. Although they can theoretically be completely avoided by adequate approach, subjective risks are always manifested in a larger or smaller scale.

     There are four key factors of subjective risk:

Insufficient level of knowledge

Insufficient level of experience

Insufficient level of psychophysical readiness

Insufficient level of routine


These four factors are mutually intertwined and can never exist independently.


     The characteristic of subjective risks is that, with correct planning and application of correct moves, they can be completely eliminated.


Objective risks

    Under this group fall the risks created as a result of natural conditions in which the given activity is being performed. Although they cannot be avoided theoretically nor can their mechanism of manifestation be influenced, by choosing the correct strategy and the implementation of appropriate procedures, the consequences can be completely avoided. All objective risks can be divided in direct physical risk factors and indirect risk factors. Direct risk factors are the ones that directly cause an injury. Indirect risk factors, on the other hand, indirectly cause an injury.

Mountain altitude

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